The eye is a very delicate organ and perhaps one of the most important ones. Unfortunately, it is vulnerable to many different conditions that can cause permanent vision loss. For this reason, it is suggested that people of all ages should go to an eye clinic for checkup. Also, many of these conditions remain without symptoms until the damage is quite severe, and sometimes irreversible.
Common disorders that affect the eye
All patients with diabetes area at risk for developing this condition because high blood sugar levels can cause damage to the eye over time. Diabetic retinopathy can occur where new blood vessels form in the eye. This is called proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and because these vessels are weak, they are at risk for rupture and bleeding.
When this happens, it causes sudden, severe vision loss. Another type of diabetic retinopathy is nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. In this case, new blood vessels are not formed, but there are areas of damage to the retina that can vary in severity and will eventually cause vision loss.
Cataracts are an eye condition that affects numerous people throughout the United States. Cataracts are growths on the lens of the eye that cause slow obstruction of the vision. At first, patients with cataracts will complain of difficulty seeing while driving at night and eventually vision will appear cloudy at other times.
Eventually, the cataract can occlude the vision completely. Cataracts are treatable and can be removed with a simple outpatient procedure that is performed by a licensed ophthalmologist.
It is not uncommon for uncontrolled blood sugar levels to cause damage to the nerves that control the eyes. This can result in double vision and other problems. The best defense against this condition is good blood sugar control
This is condition occurs when high blood pressure causes changes to the retina that result in vision loss. Like diabetic retinopathy, this condition can often present without any symptoms until it is too late and severe damage has been done.
These different eye disorders can be very serious, and it is important that patients see their eye doctor every year for a complete dilated eye exam every year. Finding these changes early allows your eye doctor the chance to intervene before severe damage occurs.